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* Introduction * Part 1 * Part 2 * Part 3 * Part 4 * Part 5 * Part 6 * Part 7 *







American Primacy And It's Geostrategic Imperatives


A Division of HarperCollinsPublishers






Out of Control: Global Turmoil on the Eve of the Twenty-first Century (1993)

The Grand Failure: The Birth and Death of Communism in the Twentieth Century (1989)

Game Plan: A Geostrategic Framework for the Conduct of the U.S.-Soviet Contest (1986)

Power and Principle: Memoirs of the National Security Adviser, 1977-1981 (1983)

Between Two Ages: America's Role in the Technetronic Era (1970)

The Soviet Bloc: Unity and Conflict (1960)

Copyright 1997 by Zbigniew Brzezinski.



For my students—to help them shape tomorrow's world




Introduction: Superpower Politics


1. Hegemony of a New Type

   - The Short Road to Global Supremacy

   - The First Global Power

   - The American Global System


2. The Eurasian Chessboard

   - Geopolitics and Geostrategy

   - Geostrategic Players and Geopolitical Pivots

   - Critical Choices and Potential Challenges


3. The Democratic Bridgehead

   - Grandeur and Redemption

   - America's Central Objective

   - Europe's Historic Timetable


4. The Ulack Hole

   - Russia's New Geopolitical Setting

   - Geostrategic Phantasmagoria

   - The Dilemma of the One Alternative


5. The Eurasian Balkans

   - The Ethnic Cauldron

   - The Multiple Contest

   - Neither Dominion Nor Exclusion


6. The Far Eastern Anchor

   - China: Not Global but Regional

   - Japan: Not Regional but International

   - America's Geostrategic Adjustment


7. Conclusion

   - A Geostrategy for Eurasia

   - A Trans-Eurasian Security System

   - Beyond the Last Global Superpower




   - The Sino-Soviet Bloc and Three Central Strategic Fronts

   - The Roman Empire at Its Height

   - The Manchu Empire at Its Height

   - Approximate Scope of Mongol Imperial Control, 1280

   - European Global Supremacy, 1900

   - British Paramountcy, 1860-1914

   - American Global Supremacy

   - The World's Geopolitically Central Continent and Its Vital Peripheries

   - The Eurasian Chessboard

   - The Global Zone of Percolating Violence

   - France's and Germany's Geopolitical Orbits of Special Interest

   - Is This Really "Europe"?

   - Beyond 2010: The Critical Core of Europe's Security

   - Loss of Ideological Control and Imperial Retrenchment

   - Russian Military Bases in the Former Soviet Space

   - The Eurasian Balkans

   - Major Ethnic Groups in Central Asia

   - The Turkic Ethnolinguistic Zone

   - The Competitive Interests of Russia, Turkey, and Iran

   - Caspian-Mediterranean Oil Export Pipelines

   - Boundary and Territorial Disputes in East Asia

   - Potential Scope of China's Sphere of Influence and Collision Points

   - Overlap Between a Greater China and an American-Japanese Anti-China Coalition





   - The Continents: Area

   - The Continents: Population

   - The Continents: GNP

   - European Organizations

   - EU Membership: Application to Accession

   - Demographic Data for the Eurasian Balkans

   - Asian Armed Forces



Published by BasicBooks, a division of HarperCollins Publishers, Inc.


All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America. No part of this book may be used or reproduced in any manner whatsoever without written permission except in the case of brief quotations embodied in critical articles and reviews. For information address HarperCollins Publishers, Inc., 10 East 53rd Street, New York, NY 10022.



Designed by Elliott Beard

Maps by Kenneth Velasquez

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data

Brzezinski, Zbigniew K., 1928-

The grand chessboard : American primacy and its geostrategic imperatives Zbigniew Brzezinski.—1st ed.

p. cm.

Includes index.

ISBN 0-465-02725-3

1. United States—Foreign relations—1989-    

2. Geopolitics—United States—History—20th Century.  

3. Geopolitics—History—20th century.  

4. World politics—1989-

5. Eurasia—Strategic aspects.

I. Title.

E840.B785  1997  


327.73—dc20 CIP

97 98 99 00 01 */KRD 10987654321



* Introduction * Part 1 * Part 2 * Part 3 * Part 4 * Part 5 * Part 6 * Part 7 *